Dulac, the other face of Marianne

Published : 2019-03-14 10:25:49
Categories : Billetophilie - Banknote , Philately - Stamps

Marianne de Dulac, provisional series of everyday usage 1945

It is with artist French, Edmond Dulac, naturalized English in 1912, that the general de Gaulle addresses himself to carry out the emissions of the colonies which had rejoined free France, as well as projects of stamps having to be useful in released France.

Dulac proposes a model representing for the first time Marianne, with the features of Lea Rixens, wife of the painter Emile Rixens, who was his school-fellow at the school of the fine arts of Toulouse.

Not-emitted

A first series of three stamps corresponding to the postage rates of before 1942 is carried out in photogravure by Harisson printing works & Sons of London: one 25 C green (for the newspapers), one 1 F red (for the simple letter), and one 2.50 F blue (for the letter for the foreigner). The process of impression in photogravure and the colors used are those of the English stamps in progress, bearing the effigy of George VI. This first series seems to have been printed with 5,000 specimens but she is refused by the general de Gaulle because of the legend “R France F”.

The word “France” is removed and a new drawn series with 10,000 specimens. However, liberation not coming, these stamps are forgotten, and they reappear only in 1946, on the American philatelic market. It not-is thus emitted.

The final series

On December 8th, 1943, Menthon, police chief with the Colonies, a contest in Algiers institutes, and decides to make there take part the French artists residing in Great Britain. He asks that one be inspired either by already treated topics (effigy by the Republic, Semeuse, Human rights, etc), or which one evokes “France leaving the shade”.

This stamp is designed to be used in France and in twenty colonies. The model must comprise mentions “RF”, “Stations”, the name of the colony and a cross of Lorraine. Seul Dulac sends a project, but with the mention “Algeria”. It is adopted on February 10th, 1944, but one removes the mention “Algeria”, because the idea of a use to the colonies is abandoned. One envisages the manufacturing of a slice of 11 stamps going from 50 centimes to 5 francs.

The manufacturing of the stamps begins on August 15th, 1944, and the first cases of stamps are dispatched in Paris after August 31st. On September 22nd, Tony Mayer, chief of the service of the stamps in London, notes that the stamps 1F50 pink put on sale in priority in France cause general admiration. However the Workshop of the Postage stamps not having suffered from the combat of Liberation and having begun again its work, Tony Mayer, eager not to cause offense the British allies, does not stop the impression of the stamps in London, but half (706 million instead of 1.4 billion) reduces it. The emission of the Dulac series spread out from March to November 1945. The setting on sale in the last of the largest value, the 50 F purple dark, makes fear, in the philatelic press, the appearance of one 100 F and one 200 F.

Put except for banknotes, one finds Marianne de Dulac on the Entraide stamps French emitted in fourteen colonies and on the revenue stamps of the colonies.

Dulac and banknotes

In parallel, one manufactures banknotes of 100 francs, which will be used in released Corsica.

Following the liberation of Corsica in September 1943, the C.F.L.N decides to withdraw banknotes in service in the island. A Banknote of 100 francs drawn by Dulac is then printed in Great Britain by the firm Bradbury Wilkinson & Co, LTD. In addition, two Banknotes of 500 francs brown and 1,000 francs green to the Dulac type are put in circulation in 1945 in France. On the Banknote of 500 francs, Marianne looks at on the right, contrary to the other Banknotes and the stamps. A Banknote of 5,000 francs remains not emitted.

But as those are the object of many falsifications, one orders from Dulac a gray label “100 F central treasure”, intended to be stuck on the Banknotes to authenticate them. This order is finally cancelled in October 1944, and only some specimens of this label remain.

The whole of these Banknotes will be withdrawn from circulation on July 13th, 1946.

Marianne de Dulac, pulling of Paris

At the request of the French Administration, a pulling known as “of Paris” is carried out by the Workshop of the Postage stamps, from May 7th to August 9th, 1948, by sheets of 50 stamps, not notched, in fifteen different nuances.

The legend and the value of this stamp are replaced by “Greek”, a plank with the regular reasons. The French postal administration would have liked to prove, by this pulling, which was able to make the English as well as. In front of the cost price of pulling, bright colors, it does not give following this project.

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